top of page


Psychotherapy helps you learn how to take control of your life and respond to challenging situations with healthy coping skills.


There are many types of psychotherapy, each with its own approach. The type of psychotherapy that's right for you depends on your individual situation. During the initial phone consultation your therapist will guide you through a series of questions to help determine what services and therapeutic interventions would best fit your needs. After the initial phone consultation an initial in-person session will be booked. This session is made to be a bit longer than a regular session, as it gives us an opportunity to talk a bit more in-depth about the therapeutic process and understand what exactly your needs are. 


By definition in the Regulated Health Professions Act, the controlled act of psychotherapy involves five elements:

i) Treating,

ii) by means of psychotherapy technique,

iii) delivered through a therapeutic relationship,

iv) an individual’s serious disorder of thought, cognition, mood, emotional regulation, perception or memory that,

v) may seriously impair the individual’s judgement, insight, behaviour, communication or social functioning (RHPA 1991). All five elements of this definition must be present in order for the controlled act to have taken place.

RPs use their knowledge, skill and judgement to determine whether their clients’ condition is serious. They do this by considering the client’s own assessment, the RP’s own clinical assessment, and/or the assessment by another care provider.

All five elements must be present for an activity or intervention to fall within the controlled act of psychotherapy.

What makes an effective psychotherapeutic relationship?

The client-psychotherapist relationship is the foundation of psychotherapy. This psychotherapeutic relationship is central to the provision of safe, effective and ethical care. Psychotherapeutic relationships are based upon trust and the development and maintenance of appropriate and professional boundaries established in a confidential environment.

In an effective psychotherapeutic relationship:

• your well-being is at the forefront;

• you will work with your RP gathering relevant information that will support the formulation of a

plan for psychotherapy;

• there will be continuous evaluation of outcomes of each session and the impact on overall

treatment goals;

• your RP will practise safe and effective use of self;

• your RP will adhere to the standards of practice for the profession.




You’re facing situations causing you stress, anxiety and upset.


You are experiencing intense or uncomfortable feelings such as anger, sadness, fear, frustration and depression.


You are behaving in ways that don’t fit your normal pattern, don’t serve your needs, or are problematic to you or others.


You are thinking thoughts that are peculiar, hard to understand, out-of-control or disturbing.


You’ve experienced a traumatic event, such as sexual abuse, domestic violence, a serious accident or a criminal injury.


You are dealing with a relationship issue or family conflict.


You’re going through a difficult life transition, such as the death of a loved one, a life-threatening illness, divorce, separation, or a mid-life crisis.


You are challenged by family issues, such as parenting, child-rearing, adolescence, and aging parents.


You need help with an addiction such as smoking, alcohol, drugs, sex or gambling.


You have an eating disorder.


You are facing difficulties with matters of gender identity, sexual orientation, racism and oppression.


You wish to explore spiritual issues, questions of meaning or matters of faith

Psychotherapy has at last become a regulated and licensed profession in Ontario, with the passage of the Psychotherapy Act 2007, which received Royal Assent on June 4 2007 and proclamation on April 1, 2015.

In addition to Registered Psychotherapists, The following professions are allowed to practice the act of Psychotherapy:

  1. Nurses

  2. Occupational Therapists

  3. Physicians

  4. Psychologists and/or Psychological Associates

  5. Social Workers and/or Social Service Workers.

One of the most common questions and concerns is what is the difference between a Psychotherapist and a Psychologist. Below is an outline to help identify the major differences and similarities. 


Psychotherapy: A psychotherapist engages in a therapeutic relationship with you to talk about your challenges and reframe your thought patterns and life experiences to create meaningful change in your life. Psychotherapists see opportunity for growth in emotional health challenges. OSP members are also required to experience therapy to create empathy and understanding of the therapeutic process. 


Psychology: Psychology is the study of the human mind and our behaviours, as individuals and as couples or groups, such as family groups. A psychologist has a Ph.D. in psychology and is trained to perform psychological research, testing, and therapy.


Psychiatry: Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders with the goal of finding ways to diagnose, treat, and prevent them. This area of research assesses not only a person’s history and surroundings, but also physical factors that may contribute to mental health. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in the assessment and treatment of such mental behavioural disorders. This is the person who prescribes and monitors medication.

Information taken from

bottom of page